Alternative
Education Programs
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

...............................................................................................................
.....I'm glad you stopped by. If you're not quite sure what is meant by alternative education, allow me to explain. Alternative Edcuation offers another option for students who are having difficutly succeeding in the educational or special educational program settings due to behavioral problems. In an alternative education setting, these students not only receive their academic instruction, but also receive support and assistance in dealing and coping with their behavioral issues. Through a structured environment, positive behavioral support and adapted curriculum, students are encouraged to gain the skills necessary to successfully return to their home school programs.
.....Although many students in this type of programming have been sent by the courts, Alternative Education placement can be used as a pro-active step in helping students who are at risk for not graduating. By placing these student in an environment which is very structured and provides behavioral supports, the student can develop their own coping skills and appropriate social interaction.

 







.............................................................................................................
Driving Directions to Alternative Education Programs - Click here
 

Optional Placements.........

- Monroeton Alternative Education Center serves students in grades 7-12 who have been unsuccessful in their home school programs within Bradford or Sullivan counties.....

...Canton Focus Support Academy services students in grades 7 -12 who have been unsuccessful in their home district.

...Woodward Alternative Ecuation Center serves students in grades 7 - 12 who have been unsuccessful in their home districts in Lycoming County. ......
...............................................................................................................

Partial Hospitalization Programs-

- These programs offered by BLaST IU17 serve students whose intensive behavioral and social needs are beyond the services that can be provided in the public schools. These programs are run in conjunction with agencies that provide intensive counseling..............................................................
...............................................................................................................

.......Sayre Partial Hospitalization Program (Elementary and Secondary Level) counseling component is provided by Northern Tier Counseling.

........Tioga County (Blossburg) Partial Hospitalization Program (Elementary Level) counseling component provided by Laurel Health Services.
........ ...............................

.......Williamsport Partial Hospitalization Program (ages 7-12) counseling component is provided by Behavior Specialist, Inc.

Back to top of page


..............................................................................................................





..............................................................................................................
Adjudicated Youth................................................................................
- BLaST IU 17 operates the educational programs in the residential facilities for students that have been placed in these programs by the court system. Currently, the programs in service are:
- La-Sa-Quik
- Montgomery Clear Vision
- Wellsboro Detention Center
- Williamsport Concern

Back to top of page
...............................................................................................................







..............................................................................................................
Incarcerated Youth
-
BLaST IU 17 provides the educational programs for youth in the Bradford and Tioga County Prisons. Programs are designed for regular education students, as well as, those with Individualized Education Programs. Persons under the age of 17 are subject to the compulsory education laws of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Inmates under the age of 21 who do not possess a high school diploma are given the opportunity and support to work towards their diplomas while incarcerated.
- Bradford County Prison
- Tioga County Prison

Back to top of page
 
Tough Kid Workshop Notes
With Lynne Strevig
Alternative Ed Teacher
 
 
     Behavior disorders-externalizers (the most punished student in school) Emotional disorders-internalizers (#1 complaint of the student with a behavior disorder - This kid will NOT do what I ask of him.
*Key to remember - There is no one fitting solution for all of these behavioral types.
 
Variables for effective interventions:
  1. Time/efficiency (This is the key variable!)
  2. Parental involvement
  3. All school intervention
Recommended book - School-based Interventions for Students with Behavior Problems
Authors: Scott Stage & Tom Kale
 
After age five, you have to just live with the behavior. Change is not possible. You can only manage their behavior. Follow through is key, as well as applications in multiple settings. Behaviors are multi-caused. What happens at home happens at school. Adversive procedures are overly used.
 
Leading intervention: self-management (student-oriented)
 
William Jenson's Labels Adjure:
  1. Intermittent explosive disorder
  2. Reactive attachment disorder
  3. Bi-polar (credence in older population)
 
*DO NOT DROP EXPECTATIONS DUE TO LABELS!
 
I personally asked Mr. Jenson about this new personality disorder label because I recently had a former student labeled that way. He said he feels it is the adult application to conduct disorder. He said basically this person is a chronic liar.
 
Behavior excesses:
  1. Aggression
  2. Non-compliance
  3. Argumentative
  4. Property distruction
Behavior deficits:
  1. Self-management deficits
  2. Social skills
  3. Academic skills
This is where the work begins!
 
Self-management rules!

The average tough kid is two years behind in social skills by the sixth grade. The problem with social skills instruction - most of the time it is not offered across the curriculum.
Some recommended curriculums:
Cool Kids
Boys Town

96% of the time students don't implement social skills taught, even when they are proficient in the social skills curriculum.

The best reading programs: direct instruction, phonemic- based

Jump Year - elementary to secondary

  • One teacher to many teachers
  • Added adjustments: lockers, finding routes to classes, varying stules of numerous teachers, etc.

90% of students are deficient in study skills. Link good study habits to contingencies.
Reference: Mary Gleason - Skills for School Success
Generalize study skills across the curriculum for student acquisition.

Age 10 - tough kids find other tough kids. Peers control more behavior than any adult.

Functions of tough behavior and poor school work: Reading, Study Skills and On-task.

Christy McCarty - Truancy reference
Kids are implusive about truancy. (Unsupervised environment) Kids that are truant are kids that hate the first hour of school.
* Find out who kids are truant with. Where did they make their decision about being truant (unsupervised environment. ex. Uni-mart). Use a mystery motivator the first hour of school for these truant students. The best way to stop drugs is to stop truancy and supervise!

Suggested articles to read: First Do No Harm: Adverse Effects of Grouping Deviant Youth for Skills Training

Meta-analysis: One standard deviation is good

Actions and programs manage behavior, not words!
Study: Origins of Behavior Disorders
Author: Alexander Thomas
Nine temperament traits identified in infants by the age of two to three months of age.

Sixty percent of the time the adult withdraws the request
Reference: 1, 2, 3, Magic-parent training
For effective behavior management: Three Criteria

  1. Self-management
  2. Group contingencies
  3. Precision commands

Movement is life in the classroom. Positives in the classroom will increase. Movement is critical!

Myth: Having the students give input for setting the rules increases compliance.

  • See the behavior
  • Measure the behavior
  • Positive statements rather than negative
  • No more than five
  • No questions
Classroom rules must follow these guidelines.
 

Think time can be used as a severe consequence. Mild consequence: time delay. Students call parent after x amount of rules have been broken.

Questions to ask:
What wouldn't you like to have happen to you? What would you like to have happen to you?

What if you don't side of handout-group contingency

Motivation
Three arguments against incentives:

  1. Bribes (not an argument if you look up the definition of a bribe)
  2. If you give one, you must give all (false equity agrument)
  3. Giving incentives is detrimental (hooked on praise) - William Jenson asks, "What is wrong with that?"

Incentives: What will turn the kid on? Negative attention can be a positive reinforcer. Ask - What does the critter like? What does the critter ask for a lot of?
#1 edible - French fries, ice cream
#1 want - stickers
Secondary students - money, free time, time to listen to music. Motivation programs - Dots for motivation. When giving feedback - write why student did a good job. Remember: I FEED
I mmediate
F requent
E nthusiastic
E ye contact
D escribe what you want

Bonus formula (for motivation) - add A + V
A nticipation
V ariety and variability
Mystery motivators - envelope with a ? mark, written incentive on paper inside. Tie incentives to rules directly

Get Em' On Task - Computer program
Google.com - search wavfile sites or wavefile sites. Only positive comments, no buts! Ex. Matt did great in math this marking period, but if he applied himself more next marking period he would improve. Principals 200 Club - DVD free. Google.com - UPDC space Utah.

 
 
 
 
 
Back to top of page
 


Supervisor:
Alternative Education

...jisaac@iu17.org


with Lynne Strevig
click here